Bodil Hammer Bech
It is difficult to assess if the association between caffeine intake and outcomes are because of the caffeine in itself or if because the pregnancies were in some way less healthy from the beginning. Another potential risk factor for foetal death is smoking. If a causal association actually exists between smoking and foetal death, the association is not strong. The objective of our studies is to examine a potential interaction on the additive scale between smoking and caffeine intake derived from coffee consumption on risk of foetal death, including SAB and stillbirth.